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[Isaac H. Whealdon is an old settler in the Willapa country. For 
the benefit of posterity he has written down these stories and sketches, 
which, through his friend, T. C. Elliott of Walla Walla, he has trans- 
mitted to the Washington Historical Quarterly. After this article was in 
type news was received that the aged pioneer author met a tragic death 
near Willapa on June 15, 1913. — Editor.] 

The Sunset-Pacific Monthly has in its issue for May, 1912, an 
article on the Tomanowos rose and how it came into existence. This com- 
munication by Samuel M. Evans is introduced by a beautiful legend — 
The Breath of the Chinook — and this legend brings to my memory one 
related to me by an old Indian named Matil. 

A long, long time ago there was no peninsula or bay or Indians, but 
one day there came from the siah cold illahee [far cold country] a big 
canoe with a hundred warriors with their klootchmen and papooses. 
They tried to enter die Columbia, but hiyu winds, hiyu skookum pe-wake, 
yaka charco copa [but great strong winds prevented an entrance] Colum- 
bia. So they paddled ashore just where the hill and rocks terminate at the 
south end of what is now the peninsula. Here they moored their big 
canoe, tying the stern to the rocks at the south and anchoring her bow 
to the north. Caching their paddles and other things in a cave in the 
rocks, they took the old Indian trail for the Columbia river and what is 
now old Chinook. 

After many moons they returned, charco miami, halo, kanim. Yaka 
nanich okok kanim yaka clatawa keekwulee icta tenas sandspit. No, 
there was not a sign of their canoe, only they found a little sandspit with 
a clam bed and the ocean on the west. A few small pine trees grew on 
top. At the east were some bushes with hiyu olallies of a bright red color. 
These were cranberries. A little father out to the east, tenas siah mitlite 
tenas chuck. This was only a little water, but 'tis now Whealdon's Pond 
or Black Lake. When the Indians saw this they built a house on their 
sand sunken canoe and their children grew and multiplied and as the 
tribe grew so grew the tiny sandspit and a little bay was formed which 
became a mighty water. So from the big canoe grew the peninsula and 
the bay and from the one hundred Indians grew the Shoalwater tribe. 


188 Isaac H. Whealdon 

Acelan's Story 

There used to be an Indian about Oysterville some forty years 
back, who was undoubtedly of the royal family. 

This young man was, for his chance in life, very intelligent; he had 
quite a little farm cleared up and in cultivation, and had planted a nice 
little orchard. It was situated on the place now owned by Mr. John 
Hill, a little above the NaseJ Landing and known as the I. H. Whealdon 

But to our story — I once asked Acelan about the earliest account 
the Indians had of the first white men to visit our bay, and this is the 
story he told: 

"Ahncuttie ict tenas schooner, yaka charco siah copa cold illahee" — 
(a long time ago a little schooner came from a cold country far to the 

She hove to, just outside our bar, lowered away a whale boat and 
manned it with "toltum tillicums" (110 men), pulled over the bar into 
what was first called Lighthouse Cove, but now North Cove, which was 
then a fine landlocked harbor. 

It was "tenas sun" (early morning) when they crossed, so they 
remained here all that day, trading with the Indians for fish, clams, and 
deer and elk meat. Acelan said they seemed to be "hias hungry," he 
also told that they had very long beards and said they were neither Boston 
nor King George men. That they were "Lushan Tillicums,' 'and no 
doubt they were Russians and the vessel none other than the "Juno," 
bought by Count Von Baranoff from Captain De Wolf, an American 
who sailed into Sitka. Rizanoff and his garrison at Sitka castle were 
starved out in the winter of 1815-6 and started in the "Juno" for the 
Columbia river, but then, as now, the water was rough, and so only 
their whale boat entered and got supplies from the Indians who have 
always been good and kind to the whites. 

This, in brief, was Acelan's account as handed down to him by the 
Indians of the first white men to enter Willapa Harbor. 

Historical Sketches 

The first white man to permanently locate on land in Pacific County 
was John E. Pickernell. He settled at the mouth of the Wallicut river, 
probably about the year 1842. He has told me that the only man, 
at that time, who spoke the English language with whom he met was a 
negro named Saul, who was living nearly where the officers' quarters now 
stand at Fort Canby. 

Stories and Sketches 1 89 

The first vessel to enter Shoalwater Bay for oysters was the barque 
"Equity," commanded by Captain Hansen. The ill fated brig, "Robert 
Bruce," came before Hansen with the "Equity." She arrived at Bruce- 
port December II, 1851. Her officers consisted of: John Morgan, cap- 
tain; Sam Winneat, first mate; Thomas Foster, second mate; and for 
crew, Dick Hilliard, Mark Wineat, Frank Garitson and Dick Millwood. 
But this vessel took out no oysters, as she was set afire by the cook, an 
Italian, who escaped in the small boat and was never heard of again. 
The officers and crew were taken off the burning vessel by the Indians. 
They landed on the south side of North Shoalwater Bay and founded 
Bruceport. The first shipment of oysters was made by Captain Morgan 
and Sam Wineat in the schooner "Equity" about May 12, 1852. 

Captain Weldon located at Hawks' Point on the north side of North 
Shoalwater Bay, just west of the mouth of North river, in the year 1 852. 
With him came Captain Crocker and V. S. Riddell. Weldon got out 
and shipped to California a cargo of piling on the barque "Palus" with 
himself as master of the vessel. This was the first shipment of lumber of 
any kind from our county. Weldon commenced the construction of a 
water mill in Smith's creek in 1853, but this mill was never finished. 

Pacific City was platted in 1851 by J. D. Holman, who 
settled in 1850. E. G. Loomis and another man, whose name 
has escaped me. But before the plat was made Mr. Holman had com- 
pleted a fine and substantial hotel of one hundred rooms. This hotel, 
however, was afterward burned by United States troops, Mr. Holman re- 
ceiving indemnity from the government. E. G. Loomis, Mr. Holman, 
and the other individuals built at Pacific City the first steam saw mill ever 
built in Pacific County. It was afterward moved to the John Crellins 
Donation Claim, near Nahcotta. 

Captain James Johnson, the first Columbia river bar pilot, settled at 
Whealdonsburg, that is, Ilwaco, in the year 1848 and was drowned 
off the Columbia river bar by the capsizing oi his pilot sloop in the year 

The first court convened in Pacific County was held at Chinook in the 
spring of 1853, and was presided over by Judge Monroe, a Kentuckian, 
appointed by President Pierce. Court was held in Job Lamley's dwelling 
house. Job Lamley, first sheriff of our county, had the summoning of 
the first jury. Many years afterward he gave me their names as he then 
recalled them to his memory: John Mildrum, foreman; Henry Feister, 
who was our first representative and county clerk; E. G. Loomis; William 
Edwards, who was afterward murdered by Indians; Hiram Brown; John 

190 Isaac H. Whealdon 

V. Pickernell; Henry Neese and Thomas Martin. All that was done 
at this term of court was that the grand jury found two true bills. 

As our first representative, J. W. Cruthers was elected, but died be- 
fore taking his oath of office. Then Henry Feister took the place, but fell 
dead just as he was stepping up to the bar to take the oath of office. 
Finally James C. Strong was elected and served his full term, thus really 
making him Pacific County's first representative in the state legislature. 

The first salmon cannery in this county was built at Chinook by 
Ellis, Jewett and Chambers in the year 1870, J. G. Megler joining 
them in 1871. 

The first salmon packed in salt was put up by Patrick J. McGowan 
in 18,54, and was shipped in the "Jane A. Falkenburg." This last date 
may be wrong.